Unit 4 Earthquakes 第2学时.ppt

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1、第二学时Learning about Language,Earthquakes,词语链接,1Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave right away.(P.25) 想象你的家开始摇晃,你必须马上离开,imagine vt.想象,认为(某事)可能发生或存在 imagination n. 想象 imagine doing sth.想象做某事,即学即练,完成下列句子。 (1)He is a man_(富有想象) (2)I cant imagine _(徒步周游世界) (3)Close your eyes and_(想象你自己在一个

2、荒岛上的情景,1)full of imagination (2)traveling around the world on foot (3)imagine yourself (to be)on a desert island,2For three days the water in the village wells roes and fell, rose and fell.(P.26) 三天来,村子里的井水升升降降,起起伏伏,观察下列各句中rise的词性和意思。 (1)Smoke was rising from the chimney. 烟从烟囱里升起。(v.) (2)Hearing the

3、 ring, he rose to open the door. 听到铃声,他起身去开门。(v.) (3)Mountains rose in the distance. 远处山峦叠起。(隆起,v.,思维拓展,4)There has been a sharp rise in the number of people out of work. 失业人数急剧增长。(n.) (5)The workers were asking for a rise of their pay. 工人们要求增加工资。(n.) (6)The mother watched the gentle rise and fall o

4、f his chest as he slept. 那位母亲看着他睡着时微微起伏的胸膛。(n.) (7)The church was built at the top of a small rise. 教堂建在一座小山顶上。(n.,即学即练,用 rise,raise的适当形式填空。 (1)Satisfied with their work, the boss promised to have their wages_. (2)After the rain, the river_ by 30 cm. (3)Now the cost of_ chickens is_,1)raised(2)rose(

5、3)raising,rising,3.the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst .(P.26) 有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。 burst (使)爆裂,胀开;突然闯入,强行进入,突发,猝发;爆裂,爆炸,思维拓展,观察下列各句中burst的意思。 (1)The balloon will burst if you blow it up any more.(爆裂,胀开) 你再给气球充气,它就要爆了。 (2)A clown appeared on the stage, causing a burst of laughter.(突发,猝发) 一

6、个小丑出现在台上,引起了一阵笑声,词语链接,burst (sth.)open (使)猛然打开 burst in /into a room/ building, etc. 闯进,突然破门而入 burst into sth.突然爆发 burst out doing sth. 突然开始(做某事,即学即练,完成下列句子。 (1)The door _(突然开了) (2)Fire fighters_(把门撞开)and rescued the people inside. (3)The aircraft crashed and_(猛烈燃烧起来) (4)She _(突然大哭起来) (5)He_(闯进了房子)w

7、ithout knocking,1)burst open(2)burst the door open (3)burst into flames (4)burst out crying/ burst into tears (5)burst into the house,词语链接,4But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.(P.26) 但是, 唐山市的百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事, 当天晚上照常睡着了,think m

8、uch of 对重视 think highly of 高度评价, 重视 think little of 不重视, 忽视 think poorly of 对看法不好, 评价很低,选用上述词语完成下列句子。 (1)The mayor_ your suggestion and he asks you to plan the project in details. (2)Congratulations! The headmaster_ your progress. (3)To tell the truth, I_ Tom, who is very lazy and never knows what t

9、o do,即学即练,1)thinks much of(2)thinks highly of (3)think poorly of,5. It seemed as if the world was at an end .(P.26) 世界似乎到了末日,词语链接,be at an end 结束 come to an end 结束,破灭 put /bring sth.to an end 结束 call for an end to sth.呼吁停止/结束,即学即练 A,选用上述词语完成下列句子。 (1)The war was finally_(结束了) (2)At noon the meeting_(

10、结束了) (3)The coup(政变)_his corrupt regime_(结束). (4)They_(呼吁停止暴力,1)at an end(2)came to an end (3)brought, to an end (4)have called for an end to violence,即学即练 B,选用上述词语完成下列句子。 (1)Luckily when he was born the war was_. (2)They walked a long way and_ they found a place to camp. (3)_ the road we found a sh

11、op. (4)We will have learned 3,000 English words _ this term,1)at an end(2)in the end (3)At the end of(4)by the end of,6Twothirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake.(P.26) 三分之二的人在地震中死亡或受伤,即学即练,用injure,wound,hurt的适当形式填空。 (1)The driver of the car_(受了重伤)in the accident. (2)He claimed tha

12、t working too hard_(损害了他的健康) (3)He_(受伤)in the leg during the war. (4)I am awfully sorry, but I didnt mean_(伤害她) (5)The nurse carefully cleaned _(伤口)in his arm,1)was badly injured(2)had injured his health (3)was wounded (4)to hurt her (feelings) (5)the wound,词语链接,7The number of people who were killed

13、 or injured reached more than 400,000.(P.26) 死伤的人数达到四十多万,the number of 名词复数 “的数目”,谓语动词用单数 a number of 名词复数 意为“大量”,谓语动词用复数 numbers of名词复数复数谓语动词a (great, large, small, etc.) number of名词复数复数谓语动词 A number of (some) problems have arisen,已经出现了一些问题。 A large number of people have applied for the job. 很多人申请了

14、这份工作。 Numbers of people came from all parts of the country to see the exhibition. 许许多多人从全国各地来参观这个展览。 The number of books missing from the library is large. 图书馆丢失的图书数目是很大的。 The number of people gathering on the square was still increasing. 广场上聚集的人的数目还在上升,即学即练,用the number of,a number of填空。 (1)_ people

15、 were invited to the conference, but (2)_ people who attended it was only forty,1)A number of(2)the number of,8Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed .(P.26) 人们无论从哪里看,那里的一切都几乎被毁了,The roof was damaged by the storm. 屋顶被风暴毁坏了。 The defeat destroyed his confidence. 这次失败毁掉了他的信心。 Much of th

16、e coast has been ruined by tourism. 海岸许多地方被游客糟蹋了。 【温馨提示】 destroy的名词形式是destruction;damage本身可作不可数名词,意为“损失”、“损坏”,其复数damages的意思是“赔偿金”; ruin作不可数名词时,是“毁坏,破坏,毁灭”、“破产,一无所有”之意;ruins意为“残垣断壁,废墟,与ruins相关短语有: in ruins 毁坏,严重受损,破败不堪 fall into ruin 变为废墟 People were shocked by the destruction of the city. 人们对于这座城市所遭

17、受的破坏感到震惊。 The storm didnt do much damage. 暴风雨并未造成严重损失,Many temples fell into ruin after the war. 战争过后,许多寺庙都毁了。 The old mill is now little more than a ruin. 老磨坊现在只剩下一点残垣断壁了。 Years of fighting have left the area in ruins. 多年的战事已经使得这个地区满目疮痍,用destroy;damage;ruin的适当形式填空。 (1)Before the firemen arrived, th

18、e whole wooden building had already been _ in the big fire. (2)The sudden rain _ our picnic. (3)The quarrel _ their friendship. They didnt even talk to each other for some weeks,即学即练,1)destroyed(2)ruined(3)damaged,9. Sand now filled the wells instead of water.(P.26) 井里满是沙子而不是水,I dont like the red on

19、e, give me the black one instead. 我不喜欢这个红的,请给我那个黑的吧。 He never studies. Instead he plays all day. 他从来不学习,反而成天地玩。 I have come instead of my brother. He is ill. 我代替我兄弟来了。他病了。 We use gas in place of coal in cooking. 我们用煤气代替煤来做饭。 Airconditioners have taken the place of fans in many places. 在许多地方,空调已取代了扇子

20、,用instead,instead of,in place of,take the place of填空。 (1)We will have the meeting on the playground _ in the classroom. (2)A young lady gave us a lecture today _ our English teacher. (3)Last year the manager retired and Mr. Li _ him. (4)Today we didnt cook rice as usual. We ate dumplings _,即学即练,1)in

21、stead of(2)instead of/in place of (3)took the place of(4)instead,10Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins.(P.26) 有些医生和救援人员被困在废墟下面,rescue vt. & vi.营救,援救,抢救 n. 救援,营救,获救; 营救行动 go /come to sb.s rescue 拯救某人 rescue sb./sth.from sth./sb. 使脱离(困境/危险,词语链接A,选用上述语句完成下列句子。 (1)They fi

22、nally _(被救走了)by helicopter. (2)We had given up_(获救的希望) (3)A team of fire fighters _(赶去营救)of the trapped boy. (4)He jumped into the river and _ the child _ (使脱离危险)drowning,即学即练A,1)were rescued (2)hope of rescue (3)went to the rescue(4)rescued,from,trap n陷阱;困境vt.使中圈套,使陷于困境 set a trap 设陷阱,设圈套 be trappe

23、d in/into 被困在 be trapped by 被围困,词语链接B,选用上述词语完成下列句子。 (1)She _ (设了个圈套等着他)and he had walked straight into it. (2)They _(被困在燃烧着的大楼里) (3)We became _(被持续上涨的洪水困住,即学即练 B,1)had set a trap for him (2)were trapped in the burning building (3)trapped by the rising flood water,11. 长难句结构分析,翻译下列句子,分析句子结构。 (1)老师要我帮助

24、那些英语不太好的同学,并且鼓励他们学好其他功课。 _ (2) 一大早,一个我从未见过的人就来到我家。 _,1)My teacher wanted me to help those who were not good at English and to encourage them to learn other subjects well. (2)Early in the morning, a man who I had never seen before came to my house,即学即练,一、用所给词的适当形式完成句子 1The workers worked hard to dig

25、out the treasures _ under the ground in Ming Dynasty. (bury) 2I didnt mean to do her an _.(injure) 3To solve the new problems,they decided to set up a political _.(organize) 4We should avoid making unfair _ of others characters. (judge,1buried2.injury3.organization4.judgement,5He is frightened to us

26、e the _ iron to iron his clothes. (electricity) 6The meat became _ after a hot night. (smell) 7He worked late last night,_ for the classes the next day. (prepare) 8The traffic rules in England are different from those of the other _(Europe) countries,5.electric6.smelly7.preparing8.European,二、词语活用 用t

27、rap的相关词语完成下列片段。 Some women think marriage as a _1_.Men will try their best _2_ them into the _3_ they have set for women, promising them a true love and a good life. But after getting married, some women will find they _4_ an unhappy marriage,1trap2.to trap3.trap4.are trapped by,三、动词专练 用所给动词的适当形式填空。

28、 1_(judge) from his accent, he must come from Guangdong. 2. We will build a park _ (honour) those who died for our great country. 3. The sound of explosion _(can hear) more than 100 kilometers away. 4The girl burst out _(cry) loudly when she saw her parents,1Judging2.to honour3.could be heard 4cryin

29、g,5Everything in the house_ (destroy) in the earthquake. 6. These shoes arent suitable for_ (travel) 7The number of the deaths _(be) over 1,000. 8. I asked a man _(stand) next to me what happened. 9I will have you _(speak) at the meeting to express our thanks to Mr. White. 10A number of people _(kil

30、l) during the war,5.was destroyed 6.travelling7.is/was 8.standing9.speak10.were killed,四、将下列句子译成英语 1经理根本不理会我的建议。(think little of) 2可怜的女孩看到她的猫死了,她突然哭起来。(burst) 3有数百人被困火中。(trap) 4不到几秒钟,整个城市就变成了废墟。(ruin,1The manager thought little of my suggestion. 2The poor girl burst into tears when she found her cat was dead. 3Hundreds of people were trapped in the fire. 4Within several seconds,the whole city fell into ruins,祝,您,学业有成

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