初中英语宾语从句专项练习(完整版).doc

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1、宾语从句基本讲解与练习宾语从句小口诀宾语从句三注意,时态语序引导词;主句一般现在时,从句不需受限制;主句一般过去时,从句须用相应时;陈述句转化that引,一般疑问句用if/whether,特殊问句疑问词,引导词后陈述式。一、概念在句子中起到宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。二、连接词 1. 陈述句转化成宾语从句时,引导词用that (在非正式场合that可以省略)。that在从句中不充当任何成分,也没有实在意思,只起到连接作用。No one told Jack (that) there would be a class meeting the next day.没有人告诉杰克第二天有班会。Littl

2、e Tom was afraid (that) he couldnt pass the exam. 小汤姆担心这次考试不及格。【拓展1】可跟that从句做宾语的动词有:say, think, wish, hope, imagine, wonder, know, believe, agree, explain, feel, suggest, hear, mean, notice等。【拓展2】当主句谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转移至主句表示。 I dont think (that) he can give a s

3、peech at the meeting. 我认为他不会在会上发言的。【拓展3】在think, believe, imagine, suppose, guess, hope等动词以及Im afraid 等后,可用so代替一个肯定的宾语从句,用not代替一个否定的宾语从句。 eg: - Do you believe he will come? 你相信他会来吗? - I believe so. 我相信会。 - I dont believe so. (或I believe not.) 我相信不会。2. 以whether或if引导的宾语从句,主要用来引导一般疑问句意思或选择疑问句意思的宾语从句,从句是

4、陈述句语序。whether或if在从句中不充当任何成分,意为“是否”。 eg: “May I use your knife?” He asked me. He asked me if he might use my knife.【注意1】从句的主语如果是第一人称,变为宾语从句则与主句的主语一致;如果是第二人称,则与主句的宾语一致;如果是第三人称,不用变化。 eg: “Do you know her telephone number?” He asked me. He asked me whether I know her telephone number. 【注意2】:一般情况下,whethe

5、r和if可以互用,但有些情况例外。 当从句做介词的宾于是只用whether不用if。 eg: We are talking about whether well go on the picnic. 我们在讨论是否去野餐。 引导词与动词不定式或ornot连用时,只用whether。 eg: Please let me know whether to do next step. 请让我知道是否开展下一步行动。Could you tell me whether you go or not? 能告诉我你是否去吗?3. 特殊疑问句转化成宾语从句时,引导词用特殊疑问词what, which, who, w

6、hom, whose, when, where, why, how。引导词后要用陈述句语序。疑问词在从句中充当相应的主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语成分,且有自己的意义。 eg: Who will give us a talk? I dont know. I dont know who will give us a talk.【注意1】特殊疑问句变为宾语从句后,句末用问号还是用句号完全取决于主句的句式:如主句为陈述句、祈使句,句末就用句号;如主句是疑问句,句末就用问号。 eg: Do you know? Where does he live? Do you know where he lives?

7、 Which subject do you like best? He asked me. He asked me which subject I liked best.【温馨提示1】疑问句中主语之前的助动词若是do / does / did,变为宾语从句时,要先将其去掉,谓语动词再根据时态作相应的变化。 eg: Why did you come to the party late yesterday? Can you tell me? Can you tell me why you came to the party late yesterday? 【温馨提示2】特殊疑问词在句中作主语,变为

8、宾语从句时语序不变(时态应作相应变化)。 eg: Who can answer the question? The teacher asked. The teacher asked who could answer the question. 老师问谁能回答这个问题。【温馨提示3】特殊疑问句在宾语从句中,要是主从句人称一致,一般可将宾语从句复合句改为简单句。 eg: I wonder how I can send an e-mail to you. I wonder how to send an e-mail to you. 我想知道如何给你发个电子邮件。【特殊情况】:当do you thin

9、k后接特殊疑问句转化成宾语从句时,句式结构应为“引导词do you think陈述句语序”。 eg: What do you think he is going to do next? 你认为他下一步打算做什么?三、宾语从句的时态1. 主句是一般现在时或一般将来时,从句不受主句的限制,根据自身的实际情况需要使用相应的时态。 eg: The worker says (that) he works from Monday to Friday. 那名工人说他从周一至周五上班。(从句是一般现在时) John says (that) he will leave a message on his desk

10、. 约翰说要在他桌子上留个便条。 (从句是一般将来时) They will tell you (that) they are living / lived / will live / have lived in Shanghai. 他们会告诉你他们正住在上海 / 在上海住过 / 将住在上海 / 一直住在上海。 (从句是现在进行时/一般过去时/一般将来时/现在完成时)2. 主句是一般过去时,从句须用过去时态的某种形式。 eg: He told me that he didnt go to the library yesterday. 他告诉我他昨天没去图书馆。(从句是一般过去时) He said

11、 (that) he was playing football at that time. 他说他那时在踢足球。 (从句是过去进行时) He said (that) he would post the letter. 他说他将要寄这封信。 (从句是过去将来时) They asked me whether I had been there before. 他们问我以前去没去过那里。 (从句是过去完成时)【注意1】如果从句有具体的过去时间状语,尽管从句动作发生在主句动作之前,有时仍用一般过去时。 eg: She told me her brother died in 1960. 她告诉我她哥哥19

12、60年去世的。 They said they checked everything yesterday. 他们说昨天他们全部检查过了。【注意2】当主句是一般过去时,而宾语从句表示的是一个客观真理、自然现象、科学原理或格言时,从句仍使用一般现在时态。 eg: The teacher told us (that) nothing is difficult if we put our hearts into it. 老师告诉我们世上无难事,只怕有心人。四、随堂巩固练习 1. Have you decided _for Australia? A. when will you leave B. when

13、 do you leave C. you will leave when D. when you will leave 2. Can you tell me _ ? A. where does Tom live B. where Tom lived C. Tom lives where D. where Tom lives 3. The old man asked me _ . A. where was the cinema B. where is the cinema C. where the cinema was D. where was the way to the cinema 4.

14、I think _ you will like him. A. that B. if C. why D. how 5. I didnt know _ he will come or not. A. that B. whether C. weather D. how 6. I wonder _ . A. how much cost these shoes B. how much do these shoes cost C. how much these shoes cost D. how much are these shoes cost 7. She asked me _ . A. who h

15、e was B. who was he C. who is he D. who he is 8. Ask him _. A. whose cup this is B. whose cup is this C. this is whose cup D. whose is this cup 9. I dont know _ . A. what time the movie starts B. what time starts the movie C. the time to start the movie D. the movie what time starts10. The doctor as

16、ked me how long _ . A. was I ill B.have I been ill C. I have been ill D. I had been ill11. The weather forecast doesnt say _. A. if it rains tomorrow B. if does it rain tomorrow C. if it will rain tomorrow D. if will it rain tomorrow12. Do you know _? A. whose pen is this B. whose pen this is C. who

17、m does the pen belong to D. whom the pen belong to13. Could you tell me where _? A. the tape was B. was the tape C. the tape is D. is the tape14. They want to know _? A. where is the hospital B. how old are you C. when the train will leave D. why is the boy crying15. Tony wanted to know _. A. what h

18、ad Father Christmas put in his stocking B. when Father Christmas had put in his stocking C.what Father Christmas had put in his stocking D.where Father Christmas had put in his stocking16. No one knows _ the professor will come to our school tomorrow to give us a talk or not. A. when B. whether C. w

19、here D. if17. July didnt know_. A. where is Tims fatherB. when was the first watch made C. who the old man is D. what was wrong with her watch18. No one told us _, so we need your help. A. how should we do B. what we should do C. what to do D. what should we do19. We dont know _ with the rubbish and

20、 it pollutes out land and sea. A. how do it B. how to do C. what do it D. what to do20. He asked me _. A. whether I find out the sender of the money B. whether did I find out the sender of the money C. whether the sender of the money found out D. whether I found out the sender of the money21. Did yo

21、u hear _? A. what did I say B. what I said C. I said what D. what I say22. Can you tell me _? A. which class you are in B. which class are you in C. you are in which class D. are you in which class23. - Excuse me. Could you tell me _? - Certainly. A. when can I get to the station B. I can get to whi

22、ch station C. which station can I get to D. how I can get to the station24. Could you tell me where _ yesterday? A. did you go B. you go C. you have gone D. you went25. Tom asked me _. A. whose shirt was this B. whose shirt this was C. who shirt was this D. who shirt this was26. Excuse me, could you

23、 tell me _? A. wheres the teachers office B. wheres the bus station C. whats she doing D. where the post office is27. I want to see Mrs. Wang , but I dont know _. A. she lives where B. she where lives C. where she lives D. where does she live28. - Go and ask Mr. White for help. - But I dont know _.

24、A. where does he live B. where he lives C. where is he living D. he lives there29. - Can you tell me _? - Yes, he lives in a small town. A. where he lives B. who is singing C. when he will leave D. what he said30. Have you decided _ for London? A. when will you leave B. when you will leave C. when a

25、re you going D. when you are going31. Excuse me. Could you tell me _our tickets? A. where do we show B. where shall we show C. where did we show D. where we shall show32. - What are you interested in about cooking food? - We are all interested in _. A. how egg is fried B. how is egg fried C. How egg

26、 fries D. how does egg fry33. Do you know _? A. what it is B. what is it C. who is he D. whose name is it34. Do you know _? A. whose book is this B. whose book this is C. this book is whose D. whos book this is35. I dont know _ now. A. where is my cat B. my cat is where C. where my cat is D. where m

27、y cat36. Does he know _? A. whats your name B. what name is your C. what your is name D. what your name is37. Do you know _? A. which floor he lives B. which floor he lives on C. he lives on which floor D. which floor does he lives on38. Tell me where _? A. is the hospital B. the hospital is C. is hospital D. hospital is39. He hasnt decided _. A. if hell go on a trip to Wu xiB. when will he go on a trip to Wu xi C. if he goes on a trip to Wu xiD. when does he go on a trip to Wu xi40. Can you see _? A. what hes reading B. what is he reading C. what does he read D. he reads what7

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