Japanese Customes.ppt

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1、Japanese Customes2014290341 张忞弌Japanese wedding customs Japanese customs fall into two categories:traditional Shinto ceremonies,and modern Western-style ceremonies.In either case,the couple must first be legally married by filing for marriage at their local government office,and the official documen

2、tation must be produced in order for the ceremony to be held.Traditional customsBefore ever getting married there are two types of mate selection that may occur with the couple:miai相亲,or an arranged marriage and ren ai(恋爱),or a love match(自由恋爱).The Japanese bride-to-be(快要当新娘的人)may be painted pure wh

3、ite from head to toe,visibly declaring her maiden status to the gods.Two choices of headgear exist.One,the watabshi,is a white hood(头巾);the other,called the tsunokakushi,serves to hide the brides horns of jealousy.(嫉妒之角)It also symbolizes the brides intention to become a gentle and obedient(顺从)wife.

4、Traditional Japanese wedding customs(shinzen shiki)involve an elaborate ceremony held at a Shinto(神道教)shrine(圣地).Japanese weddings are being increasingly extravagant(奢侈的)with all the elaborate details placed into thought.However,in some cases,younger generations choose to abandon the formal ways by

5、having a no host party for a wedding.9 In this situation,the guests include mainly of the couples friends who pay an attendance fee.Western-style customs In recent years,the Western Style Wedding(influenced by Christian weddings)has become the choice of most couples in Japan.An industry has sprung u

6、p,dedicated to providing couples with a ceremony modeled after church rituals.Japanese western style weddings are generally held in a chapel,either in a simple or elaborate ceremony,often at a dedicated wedding chapel within a hotel.Japanese New Year CustomsIn order to keep away the evil spirits,the

7、 Japanese hangs a straw rope in front of the entrance of their home.This brings good fortune.At the juncture of New Year,they start laughing and they think that this would keep away the evil spirits.The Japanese go to the temple and ring the temples bells 108 times.They think that ringing the bell 1

8、08 times will keep away all the evil forces.Those,who believe in the Shinto religion,decorate their houses with green plants and bamboo.Green plants signify new life and bamboo signifies honesty.Japanese makes lobsters with paper and decorate their house with them.They think that they back side of t

9、he lobsters resembles an aged person,which symbolizes an earnest desire for endurance.Osoji Year-end HousecleaningAlthough not an official holiday,the Japanese New Year kicks off on New Years Eve.One of the most important Japanese customs on New Years Eve is a major housecleaning,called osoji,during

10、 which every inch of the house is scrubbed clean.The purpose of osoji is to cleanse ones environment physically and spiritually in order to begin the new year with a clean slate.Thus it is an important holiday custom in Japan.New Years Eve Temple and Shrine VisitsMany Japanese also pay an evening vi

11、sit to Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples on New Years Eve.There is a ritual performed at Buddhist temples on New Years Eve,called Joya no Kane,during which bells are rung 108 times to purify attendees of the 108 delusions that inhabit human beings according to Buddhist belief.Meiji Jingu in Tokyo

12、is a one of the most popular destinations for a New Years Eve shrine visit,attracting many thousands of visitors each yearJapanese New Year Customs Otoshidama In Japan children receive gifts of money from their parents and relatives called otoshidama.These gifts are presented in colorful little enve

13、lopes and Japanese children look forward to receiving otoshidama as much as children in the West look forward to presents from Santa on Christmas Day.1.Take Your Shoes OffShoes are never worn in someones home or on Japanese traditional flooring(tatami榻榻米 mats).You may be expected to take your shoes

14、off in a restaurant,hotel,hot spring resort etc.Youll always be given a place to put your shoes.Youll also be given slippers to wear.There are often different slippers for the bathroom.Never wear the normal slippers into the washroom(if washroom slippers are provided).Never wear the washroom slipper

15、s outside the washroom.2.Be Quiet With Your Phone Japanese people dont have loud public conversations on their mobile phones.People never speak on the phone in the train or in a shop.Most people keep their phone on manner mode(vibrate only).3.Kampai When you go out for drinks its rude to drink befor

16、e cheers(Kampai!).4.Chopstick Manners筷子的礼仪There are 10 basic rules of chopstick manners in Japan.The main points to remember are:Dont use your chopsticks as a toy.Never eat directly from common dishes put it on your plate first.Never stab something with chopsticks or stick your chopsticks in your ri

17、ce.Two people should never pick up the same food with chopsticks(if someone is struggling to pick something up you cant help them).This reminds people of a funeral ritual in Japan.Its downright morbid.Avoid putting your chopsticks on the table.Use the chopstick holder.5.Language语言 Japan isnt an Engl

18、ish speaking country.When you speak English speak slowly and be patient.Learning a few basic words of Japanese is recommended.It puts you on the same level(as you struggle with Japanese the person helping you is struggling with English).6.Escalator自动扶梯 Tokyo escalators are strictly stand left pass r

19、ight.As part of the Japanese tradition of having two opposite standards for everything Osaka is stand right pass left7.Onsen温泉Japanese onsen(hotspring)bath have fairly simple etiquette:At most of the baths nudity is required.You cant wear a bathing suit.Use the lockers.You cant bring anything but a

20、small towel with you into the onsen area.Sometimes you need your own soap and shampoo If you have a tattoo you may not be allowed to enter an onsen.Dont get angry thats just the way it is(nothing personal).Be careful to enter the correct side of the onsen.Red is female,blue is male.8.Dont TipNever tip anyone in Japan.Its rude9.Blowing your nose in public Its rude to blow your nose in public.Go to the washroom.Acceptable loud noises are really different from country to country.There are many interesting noises youre permitted to make in Japan.Thank You for Watching


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